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Chittaurgarh, a town in Mewar that also hosts a fort by the same name, is probably the place with the most passionate stories of war and honor ever told in India. The painful and yet glorious past of this place makes it hard to walk away from here without misty eyes. Ruled and attacked by some of the most prominent figures in the history, Chittaurgarh is an epitome of courage and sacrifice and one of the most famous places in Indian history.

 

Chittaurgarh is essentially a fortified town based on a hilltop rather than a fort. A strong wall with seven gates surrounds the tableland spread across which there are historical temples, palaces and monuments. Though attractive in terms of art and beauty, what puts the soul in these monuments are the stories and personalities associated with them. It is believed that Chittaurgarh Fort was built in the 7th century by a Maurya king. According to the smudgy details in the history, Chittaurgarh was either captured or had in dowry by Bappa Raval, the founder of Mewar kingdom in 734 AD. During the further expansion of the Mewar kingdom, Chittaurgarh played a major role in most of the upheavals.

 

The first major episode in the bloody history of Chittaurgarh was carved in 1303 by Alauddin Khilji, a famous Mughal emperor, who was besotted by the beauty of Rani Padmini, the queen of Chittor. Rani Padmini, the wife of Raval Ratan Singh was so famous for her beauty that Alauddin Khilji, the possessor of a great army, demanded to have a glimpse of her in return of peace. Outside Padmini Mahal, Padmini’s palace was where this demand of Khilji was satisfied. While Rani Padmini stood in front of a mirror, Alauddin Khilji stood along with Ratan Singh at an opposite structure and looked at her reflection. The Mughal king left, but only to break his promise.

 

He abducted Ratan Singh, and sent a word that Padmini should exchange herself in return of her husband, or he would be killed. However, Padmini crafted a cunning plan. She made the sultan agree that she would bring 150 of her personal maids in palanquins if she were to go with him. And in place of Padmini’s maids, who rode in the palanquins were the soldiers of Chittaurgarh. As soon as they arrived at the camp where Ratansingh had been held captive, the soldiers burst out of the palanquins and freed their king.

 

This enraged Khilji and he declared war against Chittaurgarh. His army that could not break into the fort besieged it and waited until Chittaurgarh ran out of supplies. Finally, when the result of the war was clear, the Rajputs of Chittaurgarh, famous for choosing death instead of dishonor stood up to the only option they saw. Rani Padmini, along with all the women of Chittaurgarh, walked in a fire committing Jauhar (self immolation).After the women performed Jauhar, the husbands, fathers and brothers left behind performed Saka. They donned saffron garbs and left for the battlefield to fight until death. The only ones who lived after the battle were the old men left to raise the children.

 

After the devastation, when there was nothing left to be plundered, the fort soon went back to the rightful possessors. In coming years, Rana Kumbha, a great Mewar King spread the Mewar kingdom long and wide. Along with raising a commendable military strength and a fleet of strategically built forts under his arms, he also promoted art and culture to make Mewar a famous kingdom of India.

 

In 1535, Bahadur Shah brought upon Chittor another dark incident which would be recorded as the bloodiest in the history of Chittaurgarh. While all the women committed Jauhar, the men committed Saka. The third and final Jauhar of Chittaurgarh was committed in 1567, during the attack of Mughal Emperor, Akbar.

 

Just as the bloodiest incidents of Chittaurgarh have made it to the history, the legend of Saint Mira Bai, a famous devotee of God Krishna and a great poetess has been eternally associated with this fort. She is considered to be the founder of the Bhakti sect. Mira Bai spent a number of years at Chittaurgarh.

 

Among the famous monuments of Chittaurgarh is Rani Padmini’s Palace, standing near which one can see the spots where the story of Padmini displaying her reflection to Alauddin Khilji took place. The next famous monument is Rana Kumbha’s Palace; a grand residence, this was where Rani Padmini committed her Jauhar. Kalika Mata temple, built in 8th century, the famous Vijay Stambha, the tower of victory with beautiful carvings on its all sides, Kirti Stambha, the tower dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar, Adinath are some of the other notable monuments of Chittaurgarh.

 

Situated on a couple hours’ drive from Udaipur, Chittaurgarh is one of the famous places in India and definitely worth a visit. An early start from Udaipur can take you to Chittaurgarh by 8.0 a.m. when the fort opens. It takes two to three hours to visit all the important places inside the fort.

 

 


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Quick Reference

Chittaurgarh is a famous Fort in Rajasthan, in a town, which is known by the same name. The land of romance and valor, Chittaurgarh keeps alive the tradition of Mewar, a region of Rajasthan known for bravery and choosing sacrifice of life before honor. Invaded three times, Chittaurgarh has several stories to tell. The splendid Chittaurgarh Fort is surrounded by a strong wall with seven gates. The places worth visiting here are Rana Kumbha's Palace, Zenana Mahal, Gaumukh Kund, and Rani Padmini Palace. Padmini Palace, the famous tourist spot, is set on a pond. You can stroll down the marble gallery here to see your reflection in the crystal clear water of the pond at the palace. Other attractions in Chittaurgarh are Kalika Mata Temple, Government Museum, Meera Temple, Kumbha Shyam Temple, Jaimal and Patta’s Palace, Gaumukh Mohar Magri.

 

Destination Grade: B (What is this?)
Rating: 7/10
Population: 96028
5 Star Hotels: Bassi Fort
Luxury Hotels: Castle Bijapur
Airport: Udaipur(Dabok Airport) is 90km away
Railway Station: Chittaurgarh Railway Station
Nearest Major City(s): Udaipur
How to reach: Chittorgarh is well connected by roads to entire India.
Major Tourist Attraction: Chittaurgarh Fort, Vijay Stambha, Kirti Stambha, Rana Kumbha Palace, Padmini Palace, Kalika Mata Temple.
Speciality(Famous for): Fort and Stambha
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Rating:
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Total Reviews : 11
 
 
Reviews by users : (11)
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Chittaurgarh, a wonderful experience - by Priya Singh Dated : 2012-02-14
There are many destinations inside the Chittaurgarh fort. One of the destinations here is Fateh Prakash palace. It has sculptures, weapons and artefacts. If you move south, you will come across the Mirabai temple and Kumbhashyam temple.

You will then come across the Vijay Stambh. It was built by Rana Kumbha in 1437. On the 3rd and 8th storey of the Vijay Stambh, Allah’s name has been inscribed. Thus, when the Mughals invaded the Chittaurgarh fort, this structure wasn’t demolished. The Krishna temple and Samiddesvara temple are close to the Vijay Stambh.

The Gaumukh Kund is the next destination during the tour. Here, there is a large tank of water where the water comes from an unknown source. The Rana Kumbha palace had a separate section for Rani Padmini called the Zenana Mahal. It was built in the centre of a lotus pond. On the way to the Zenana Mahal, you will cross the Kalikamata temple.

You will then pass the place where Rani Padmini and 13,000 other ladies committed Jauhar. The tour will be culminated when you reach the Kirti Stambh. It is a Digambar Jain tower built in the 12th century.

Do not miss the wonderful experience which is the Chittaurgarh fort.
Interesting Chittaurgarh - by Pravin Shere Dated : 2011-12-22
There are several villages inside the Chittaurgarh fort. To have a registered English speaking guide with us, we were lucky. To take us from one site to the other inside the Chittaurgarh fort, we had a car and a driver. A bike can also be taken inside the Chittaurgarh fort and you can hire a bike from the railway station to the fort. On the hot and dusty roads inside the fort, you can even hire a cycle rickshaw once you reach the fort. If you are on a bus tour, you will be dropped at one point inside the fort and then you will have to explore the fort on your own.

The Chittaurgarh fort is massive. In the past, it was difficult to conquer such a massive fort. Trying to conquer the fort and starve its population, the enemies of Chittaurgarh used to occupy the plains below the fort.

In the olden days many people lived in the villages inside the fort but today the population of these villages is less. You can imagine the life in the fort in the yesteryears, as you walk inside the fort. People moved from one village to the other in the olden days. On the rocky roads, soldiers on horseback, wearing exotic costumes also travelled.

Don’t miss a visit to this massive fort.
Beautiful Chittaurgarh - by Manohar Pande Dated : 2011-11-21
A friend of mine suggested that I should visit the Chittaurgarh fort, when he got to know that I am going to Rajasthan. He told me that the fort has a splendid beauty. I took a tour of the fort when I reached it.

The Vijay Stambh is one of the monuments in the Chittaurgarh fort. Rana Kumbha built it in 1437. Allah’s name has been inscribed on the 3rd and 8th storey of the Vijay Stambh. Thus, this structure wasn’t demolished when the Mughals invaded the Chittaurgarh fort. The Vijay Stambh has the Krishna temple and Samiddesvara temple close to it.

The next destination during the tour is the Gaumukh Kund. The water comes from an unknown source in the tank which is here. The Zenana Mahal was a separate section for Rani Padmini in the Rana Kumbha palace. It is located in the centre of a lotus pond. The Kalikamata temple will be crossed on the way to the Zenana Mahal.
Rani Padmini and 13,000 other ladies committed Jauhar. You will then pass this place. When you reach The Kirti Stambh, the tour will be culminated. Built in the 12th century, it is a Digambar Jain tower.

The Chittaurgarh fort is a once in a lifetime experience and therefore shouldn’t be missed.
Chittaurgarh and its Attractions - by Megha Pandit Dated : 2011-11-17
The Rana Kumbha palace is located in the Chittaurgarh fort. This palace is the first destination during the tour of the fort. Rajput architecture is depicted in the Rana Kumbha palace. Rani Padmini stayed for 8 months of the year in the Zenana Mahal, housed in the Rana Kumbha palace. Near the palace is a 15th century Jain temple called Shanti Nath. It is capped with a simple Islamic dome.

In an auto rickshaw or car, the Chittaurgarh fort can be approached from the town. As the attractions of the fort are spread over 700 acres, it is best to retain your vehicle once you reach the fort.

Due to pharmaceutical reasons, opium is grown in the region of the Chittaurgarh fort. You will find many poppy plantations on the way, when you set out on your onward journey from Chittaurgarh.

There is a sound and light show in the Chittaurgarh fort. The fort has very limited information available on it. The show is held in English on any day at the whim of the guardian. I was really disappointed by this. The amenities and accommodation in the fort really needs to be improved by the RTDC.

You can see that the Chittaurgarh fort has many attractions. Thus a visit to this gorgeous fort should not be missed.
Various facets of Chittaurgarh - by  Geeta Tripathi Dated : 2011-11-16
I had gone to Chittaurgarh with my family. As we wanted to see the sound and light show organised by the RTDC, we stayed there overnight. The sound and light show was introduced in September 2010.

The Chittaurgarh fort has another attraction called the Padmini Lake. It is said that the beautiful queen Padmini was being lusted after by Alauddin Khilji. He could supposedly see Padmini’s reflection without being able to actually see her form a unique viewing point near the Padmini Lake.

A tower in the Chittaurgarh fort is the Vijay stambh. Below the Vijay stambh, there is an attendant watching shoes. A tip of more than Rs.10 is expected by him. You will not fit in this tower if you are big. The steps of the 9 storey Vijay stambh are worn out. So if you have difficulty climbing, you should not climb this tower. You will clunk your head inside the tower if you are tall. Therefore, you should not climb the Vijay stambh if you are tall. Monkeys may run away with your belongings, so you should beware of them.

Thus you can see that the Chittaurgarh fort has a lot of attractions. Therefore a visit to this beautiful fort should not be missed.
Wonderful Chittaurgarh - by  Jhon Deb Dated : 2011-11-15
I had been to Chittaurgarh with my friends. The RTDC introduced the sound and light show in Chittaurgarh fort in September 2010. As we wanted to see the light and sound show, we stayed in Chittaurgarh overnight.
Next day we went to see the sound and light show. There is very limited information available on the Chittaurgarh fort. So we didn’t know that the show is held in English on any day at the whim of the guardian. This really disappointed me and all my friends. The RTDC really needs to improve the amenities and accommodation in the fort.
Opium is grown in the region of the Chittaurgarh fort, due to pharmaceutical reasons. So when you set out o your onward journey from Chittaurgarh, you will find many poppy plantations on the way.
You can approach the Chittaurgarh fort from the town in an auto rickshaw or car. It is best to retain your vehicle once you reach the fort because the attractions of the fort are spread over 700 acres.
The tour of the fort begins with the Rana Kumbha palace. This palace is an example of Rajput architecture. Rana Kumbha palace houses the Zenana Mahal, where Rani Padmini stayed 8 months of the year.
The Chittaurgarh fort is definitely worth a visit.
Magnificent Chittaurgarh - by  Ravi Gupta Dated : 2011-11-14
You will find people selling postcards in the Chittaurgarh fort, but none of these postcards depict the magnificence of the Chittaurgarh fort. Vijay stambh is a tower in the Chittaurgarh fort. After climbing this tower, you will get nice views of the fort but the surroundings in the tower aren’t hygienic.

There is an attendant watching shoes below the Vijay stambh. He expects a tip of more than Rs.10. I suggest that if you are big you should not climb this tower because you will not fit. Also, if you have a difficulty climbing, you should not climb the 9 storey Vijay stambh because the steps are worn out. If you are tall, you should not climb the tower because you will clunk your head. You should beware of monkeys who may run away with your belongings.

The Padmini Lake is another attraction in the Chittaurgarh fort. It is said that Alauddin Khilji lusted after the beautiful queen Padmini. There is a unique viewing point here, where Alauddin Khilji could supposedly see Padmini’s reflection without being able to actually see her.

I had gone to Chittaurgarh with my family and we stayed there overnight as we wanted to see the sound and light show organised by the RTDC.

Don’t miss a visit to this wonderful fort.
Gorgeous Chittaurgarh - by Aliya Shaikh Dated : 2011-11-12
There is a palace in the Chittaurgarh fort, called the Rana Kumbha palace. There are renovations going on in the Rana Kumbha palace. This will further enhance the excellent views from the fort. The Chittaurgarh fort offers stunning views of the town and agricultural fields near the fort. The agricultural fields were battlefields in the past.

There are several small villages inside the Chittaurgarh fort. If you are on a bus tour, you will be dropped off at one point inside the fort. After that, you will be on your own. In this case, you will not be able to explore this stunning fort to the fullest.

It’s good to have a licensed guide with you. Our guide provided us with an overview of the places we visited. He also allowed us to wander at leisure. Beware that the guides might want to click your pictures on his phone and then charge you exorbitantly for oversized copies.

There is a temple inside the Chittaurgarh fort called the Samiddesvara temple. There are rats running all over the place in this temple. Moreover, there is dim light in the temple. So if you are scared of rats, I suggest that you stand at the door of the temple and just peep in.

There is no other place like the Chittaurgarh fort, so you should definitely visit it.
There is no other place like Chittaurgarh - by  Akshay Diwan Dated : 2011-11-07
Samiddesvara temple is a temple inside the Chittaurgarh fort. In this temple there are rats running all over the place. Dim light is there in the temple. I suggest that you should stand at the door of the temple and just peep in if you are scared of rats.
Unfortunately, the pictures and booklets sold at the temples do not capture the fort historically or photographically. Same is the case with the photographs clicked by the guides.
Having a licensed guide with you is an advantage. An overview of the places you visit will be given to you by the guide. You will also be allowed to wander at leisure by your guide. Beware that the guide will charge you exorbitantly for oversized copies of the picture he might want to click on his phone.
The Chittaurgarh fort has several small villages inside it. You will be dropped off at one point inside the fort, if you are on a bus tour. You will be on your own after that. You will not be able to explore this stunning fort to the fullest in this case.
The Chittaurgarh fort is a wonderful place, so you should not miss a visit to this fort.
Massive Chittaurgarh - by  Asmita Shere Dated : 2011-11-07
Chittaurgarh is known for its famous Chittaurgarh fort. Chittaurgarh is located 230 Kms away from Ajmer. Udaipur is also close to Chittaurgarh. The Chittaurgarh fort is massive. I have visited several forts all over the world and in Rajasthan but for sheers size, the Chittaurgarh fort is the largest.
There are several villages inside the fort. Today, the population of the villages inside the fort is less but in the olden days many people lived in these villages. As you walk inside the fort, you can imagine the life there in the yesteryear's. In the olden days, people moved from one village to the other. Soldiers on horseback, wearing exotic dresses also traveled on the rocky roads.
Such a massive fort was difficult to conquer. The enemies of Chittaurgarh occupied the plains below the fort, trying to conquer the fort and starve its population.
We were lucky to have a licensed English speaking guide with us. We had the luxury of having a car with a driver, who took us from one site to the other inside the Chittaurgarh fort. You can hire a bike from the railway station to the fort and this bike can be taken inside the fort. You can also hire a cycle rickshaw once you reach the fort, on the hot and dusty inside roads inside the fort.
Don’t miss a visit to this stunning fort.
Chittaurgarh - A Royal Town - by Neha Kabra  Dated : 2011-03-07
There are forts and palaces in most of Rajasthan and I really enjoyed visiting Rajasthan since I love to see historical monuments. The town of Chittaurgarh is a unique town. It is a fortified settlement and is situated on a hilltop. The view from the hilltop is really interesting and photogenic.

I had seen a lot about the history of this town in a popular T.V serial and so I was keen to visit it. First on my list was the Chittaurgarh Fort. I had appointed a tour guide so that I could know more about the place. He kept on filling me with interesting facts about the fort and I came to know that it was built in 7th century by some Maurya king and that the fort had been through many wars and seizure attempts. Chittaurgarh was one of the main places from where the Mewar kingdom expanded. Also that the famous Saint Mira Bai stayed here for a while. She is known for her worship of Krishna.

The most interesting part of the fort was the Rani Padmini Palace. I tried hard to imagine how the queen known for her incomparable beauty must have looked. Rana Kumbha’s palace was also equally attractive and grand. It took almost two and half hours to look around the fort. But I thoroughly enjoyed exploring the fort.
I also saw the Kalika Mata temple, Vijaya Stambha and the Kirti Stambha. Chitaurgarh was an interesting town to visit.