Day 3 – Delhi - Agra
Next morning board an Express Train for Agra. Upon arrival on the Agra railway station you will meet a Remarkable India representative who will assist you to enjoy a guided tour of Agra. You will be escorted to your hotel.
After you are fresh and ready, you start on your tour to explore the historic city of Agra.
The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It lies in the city of Agra, on the banks of River Yamuna. It was built in the memory of the beautiful Arjumand Bano Begum. She was married to Emperor Jahangir’s third son Prince Khurram. She stayed by his side in both good and bad times of the Prince. In 1628 AD, Prince Khurram won a bloody battle of succession and became the king. He rechristened himself as Shahjahan or ‘King of the World’. He showered his begum with unconditional love and conferred upon her highest of titles. She was called Mumtaz Mahal (exalted of the Palace) and Mumtaz-ul-Zamani (exalted of the Age). But unfortunately, beautiful Mumtaz was not destined to be the queen for a long time.
Agra Fort is on the right to the bank of the River Yamuna. It is one of the most robustly built Mughal buildings. It has richly decorated buildings encompassing the dominating Mughal style of art and architecture. It was built by an Emperor Akbar at Badalgarh, the remains of an ancient site. The first Sultan of Delhi to shift his capital from Delhi to Agra was Sikandar Lodi (1487-1517). After the death of Sikandar Lodi in 1517, Ibrahim Lodi, his son took over the Fort and held it for 9 years until he was killed in the Battle of Panipat in 1526. The construction of several palaces, mosques and wells in the Fort was done during the Lodi period.
Before the actual Taj Mahal was built, its design was ready in the form of Itmad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb. It was built to represent a silver jewel box in marble. This beautiful mausoleum holds the body of Mirza Ghiyas Baig, the father of the Mughal Empress Noor Jahan. Mirza Ghiyas Baig was appointed as the Lord Treasurer of the empire or Itmad-ud –Daulah after his daughter Noor Jahan was married to Emperor Jehangir. After Mirza Ghiya’s death, Noor Jahan built a mausoleum in his memory. It is 1st of its kind tomb to be built on a riverbank, of river Yamuna. It has many designs which were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. This tomb follows the Central Asian Pattern of a domed structure. The tomb is set in a formal garden, a garden with waterways and paths laid out in a geometrical pattern. This kind of design has been followed while constructing the Taj Mahal.
Return back to the hotel in the evening and stay overnight at Agra.